Arad (Romanian pronunciation: [aˈrad] ( ); Hungarian: Arad; Serbian: Арад/Arad) is the capital city of Arad County, historically situated in the regions of Crişana, and having recently extended on the left bank of the Mureș river, in Banat region of western Romania.
An important industrial center and transportation hub on the Mureș River, Arad is also the seat of a Romanian Orthodox archbishop and features two universities, a Romanian Orthodox theological seminary and a training school for teachers.
According to the 2011 census, the municipality of Arad was home to 159,704 inhabitants. The ethnic split of the city was as follows: 126,075 Romanians (85.19%); 15,695 Hungarians (10.06%); 2,535 Romani (1.71%); 1,256 Germans (0.84%); and 2,116 of other nationalities (1.22%). 
With a rich industrial and commercial tradition, Arad is one of the most prosperous towns in Romania. Thanks to numerous investments in industry and commerce, Arad has a booming economy.
The main industries are: freight and passenger railway cars, clothing and textiles, food processing, furniture and household accessories, equipment for the car industry, electric components, instrumentation and shoes.
Arad is the most important trans-European road and rail transportation junction point in western Romania, included in the 4th Pan-European Corridor linking Western Europe to South-Eastern European and Middle Eastern countries. The city has an extensive light rail network (second only to the country capital ofBucharest) and several bus lines covering most of the city’s neighbourhoods and suburbs. Arad International Airport (IATA: ARW, ICAO: LRAR), with the largest and most modern cargo terminal in western Romania, is situated only 4 km west from downtown Arad and is directly connected to the Arad west bypass road, part of the A1 Motorway.
Employees by occupation
- Industry – 41.5%
- Commerce – 13.75%
- Transport and telecommunications – 9.27%
- Construction – 7.92%
- Education – 5.99%
- Health and social services – 5.14%
- Utilities – 3.16%
- Public administration – 2.28%
- Agriculture – 1.97%
- Credit and insurance institutions – 1.70%