Galați (Romanian pronunciation: [ɡaˈlat͡sʲ]) is the capital city of Galați County, in the historical region of Moldavia, eastern Romania. Galați is the largest port town on the Danube River. In 2011, the Romanian census recorded 249,432 residents, making it the 8th most populous city in Romania. Galați is a major economic center based around the Port of Galați, naval shipyard, the ArcelorMittal Galați steel plant and mineral exports.
Galați is located in eastern Romania. Its coordinates are latitude 45 ° 27 ‘north and longitude 28 ° 02’ east. Its area is 246.4 square kilometers (95.1 sq mi). Galați lies in the southern part of the Moldova plateau on the left (east) bank of the Danube river at the junction of the Siret River (west) and the Prut River (east), near Lake Brates. It is 80 kilometers (50 mi) from theBlack Sea. The nearest town is Brăila, 15 kilometers (9.3 mi) to the south. Galați is built on three geological terraces. One lies beneath “Valley City”, with elevations between 5 and 7 metres (16 and 23 ft). The other two, which make a fan shape, have elevations of 20–25 meters (66–82 ft) (the site of the old town, now the city centre) and 40 meters (130 ft) (the site of the modern city) respectively. The Danube river is considered the “life-blood” of Galați. The Danube is the second longest river in Europe 2,850 km [ 1,770 mi ]), with an average flow of 6,199 cubic meters (218,900 cu ft) per second in the Galați section. After the Siret River, the largest tributary in Romania, joins the Danube, the flow is 210 cubic meters per second (7,400 cu ft/s). After the Prut River joins the Danube, the flow becomes 86 cubic meters per second (3,000 cu ft/s). The Danube river flows have significant seasonal variation. The maximum flows occur in May; 18,000–19,000 m3/s or 640,000–670,000 cu ft/s. The minimum flows occur during the summer; 2,000–2,450 m3/s or 71,000–87,000 cu ft/s.
Galați plans to build a third port for light craft at a location past the ferry building. In 2005, Galați ranked in the top two cities in Romania for green space per capita. Urban planning and maintenance activities are governed by the “Public Administration Public Domain Galați” (SPADP) Ecosal Prest, SC RER Ecological Service SRL, SC Citadine 98 SA.
Galați has the largest iron and steel plant in Romania, the ArcelorMittal Galați, which was state-owned until 2001. It is still commonly referred to as “Sidex”, its old name.
Galați is also a border checkpoint to Moldova.