Sibiu (Romanian pronunciation: [siˈbiw], antiquated, Sibiiu; German: Hermannstadt, Hungarian: Nagyszeben) is a city in Transylvania, Romania. Located some 215 km (134 mi) north-west of Bucharest,the city straddles the Cibin River, a tributary of the river Olt. Now the capital of Sibiu County, between 1692 and 1791 and 1849-1865 Sibiu was the capital of the Principality of Transylvania. Sibiu is one of the most important cultural centres of Romania and along with the city of Luxembourg, it was designated a European Capital of Culture for the year 2007. Formerly the centre of the Transylvanian Saxons, the old city of Sibiu was ranked as “Europe’s 8th most idyllic place to live” by Forbes. The city administers the Păltiniş ski resort. As of 2011 census data, Sibiu has a population of 137,026, a decrease from the figure recorded at the 2002 census, making it the 14th largest city in Romania.
Sibiu is one of the most prosperous cities of Romania, and also receives one of the highest rates of foreign investment in the country. It is an important manufacturer of automotive components (Bilstein-Compa, Takata, Continental, and SNR ‘Ball bearing‘). Other local industries are machine components, textiles, agro-industry, and electrical components (Siemens).
One of the main concerns for the city is attracting new investors to locate their businesses in Sibiu, and an industrial park has been recently completed. The city also contains Romania’s largest stock exchange outside Bucharest, the Sibiu Stock Exchange.
Employment breakdown by economic sector
- Industry – 49%
- Commerce – 15%
- Construction – 7.5%
- Health – 7.5%
- Education – 7%
- Transport – 6.5%
Sibiu is well served in terms of transport and infrastructure. In 2010 a city bypass was opened, significantly reducing the road traffic inside the city. Tursib is the city’s internal transportation system operator.
Direct flights from Sibiu:
- Munich (Lufthansa, Tarom)
- Vienna (Austrian Airlines)
- Bucharest (Blue Air, Tarom)
- Timişoara (Carpatair)
- Stuttgart (Blue Air)
- Tunis (Tunisair)
- Antalya (Air Bucharest)
Sibiu is an important node in the European road network, being on two different European routes (E68 and E81). At a national level, Sibiu is located on three different main national roads, DN1, DN7 and DN14.
The Romanian Motorway A1 will link the city with Piteşti and the Romanian western border, near Arad. Funding for the project is assured and work is projected to be complete by 2014. Sibiu’ s ring road as part of A1 motorway was completed on December 1, 2010.
Sibiu is also an important hub for the international bus links with the biggest passenger transporter in Romania, Atlassib, based here. Transport companies are also providing coach connections from Sibiu to a large number of locations in Romania.
Sibiu is situated on the CFR-Romanian Railways Main Line 200 (Brasov – Făgăraş – Sibiu – Simeria – Arad – Romanian Western Border) and on Line 206 (Sibiu – Mediaş).
The city is served by three rail stations: the Main Station, the Little Station (Gara Micǎ) and Sibiu Turnişor. It has an important diesel-powered locomotives depot and a freight terminal.
Numerous Inter City trains (nicknamed Blue Arrows) connect Sibiu to other major cities in Romania: Cluj-Napoca, Braşov, Craiova, Timişoara and Bucharest.